Bad breath (halitosis)

What causes bad breath?

Bad breath is almost always caused by a problem in the mouth, although, in rare cases, bad breath can be a sign of a general health problem. There are several possible reasons for bad breath:

  • Dental decay or gum disease.
  • Food stagnation between the teeth.
  • Throat or tonsil infection.
  • Catarrh.
  • Bronchitis.
  • Sinusitis.
  • Gastritis (inflammation of mucous membrane that lines the stomach).

Bad breath is not generally caused by either constipation or indigestion.

How can bad breath be treated?

Your dentist will carry out any dental treatment required to eliminate disease or avoid areas where food may be trapped and rot.

What can I do?

  • First and most obviously, pay close attention to your oral and dental hygiene — brush and floss frequently, as recommended by your dentist.

  • Use a mouthwash recommended by your dentist.
  • Clean your mouth after eating milk products, fish and meat.
  • Eat fresh vegetables.
  • Drink plenty of fluids, but cut down on coffee.
  • Chew sugar-free gum, especially if your mouth feels dry.
  • Don’t smoke cigarettes.
  • Visit your dentist regularly.

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