is bone cancer?
Bone cancer is the development of abnormal cells in bone tissue, which result
in a tumour. It accounts for 1% of all cancer diagnosed in Ireland each year.
Cancer may spread to the bone from other parts of the body and this is known
as metastases or secondaries.
are the different types of bone cancer?
- Osteosaroma bone cancer is the most common type, affecting teenagers whose
bones are undergoing rapid growth.
- Ewing's sarcoma, which affects the bone marrow, is most common in children
and young adults aged 20 to 30.
- Chondrosarcoma, which originates in the cartilage, affects middle-aged adults.
- Other cancers of the bone include fibrosarcoma, chordoma and malignant giant
causes bone cancer?
It is difficult to identify specific causes of bone cancer. There may be a
genetic link and bones which have been previously fractured or infected may
be more susceptible to bone cancer. Excessive exposure to chemicals or radiation
may also increase the risk of bone cancer.
are the symptoms of bone cancer?
Symptoms can include:
- Joint and bone swelling.
- A hard lump felt on the surface of a bone, often painful when pressure is
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Inability to move freely.
- Frequent bone fracture.
is bone cancer treated?
Treatment of bone cancer, as with all the other types of cancer, depends on
location, size and extent of the tumour as well as the age and health of the
individual. Treatment will include a combination of chemotherapy (drug treatment),
sometimes in combination with surgery or radiation therapy.
is the outlook for bone cancer?
The earlier bone cancer is treated, the more successful treatment is likely
to be. However, survival rates for bone cancer after five years are very poor.
can I do to help someone who is undergoing cancer treatment?
A diagnosis of cancer can change the lives of the individual and the people
close to them. Support groups provide useful services for those who have been
diagnosed with cancer and their family members.
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