While trichomoniasis is a fairly common STD (sexually
transmitted disease), it can occasionally be contracted indirectly, such as
from an infected towel. It is caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis.
It is primarily an infection of the urinary and genital tracts and is commoner
in women where it affects the vagina. In men the most common site of infection
is the urethra. Trichomoniasis is also known as "trich".
are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
Trichomoniasis can occur without producing any
When symptoms occur in women, they may include:
- Painful irritation and itching of the genital
- A profuse, yellow, green, or brown frothy vaginal
- A foul-smelling vaginal odour.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
- A burning sensation when urinating.
When symptoms occur in men, they may include:
- A thin, whitish or greenish, discharge from
- Painful urination.
While trichomoniasis can cause a lot of discomfort,
it isn't usually considered dangerous for most of the people who get it.
However this disease should still be treated immediately
because it can increase a person's susceptibility to HIV. It may also be a marker
for other, more serious sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Also, if you are pregnant, it can cause you to
have a premature or underweight baby.
is trichomoniasis diagnosed?
The diagnosis is made from a laboratory examination
of a sample of the vaginal discharge or of swabs taken from the urethra.
is the treatment for trichomoniasis?
You will be treated with antibiotics. IIt is important
to finish the course. You should be aware that the antibiotics may produce side-effects
such as vomiting. If this happens, contact your doctor for advice.
can I prevent trichomoniasis?
Unless you are in a monogamous relationship with
an uninfected partner, always use a condom during sex. Remember that a man can
have trichomoniasis, but have no symptoms, so always practise safer sex.
Women should also ensure that their vaginal area
is clean and dry. Wash the vaginal area daily using a mild soap. And try not
to wear tight underpants, which may irritate the area.
had trichomoniasis last year. Am I now immune to it?
No. If you have unprotected sex with a person who
has trichomoniasis, you can contract it even if you have had it before.
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