Medical Q&As

Gum boils - prevention?

What causes gum boils? How can I avoid getting them?

Gum boils are small abscesses and their presence indicates that a moderate degree of periodontitis is present. Periodontitis means chronic inflammation or infection of the gums. Other signs of periodontitis include: gum recession, which has the effect of making the teeth look longer; teeth shifting or becoming loose in the gum; gums bleeding during brushing and flossing; bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth and gums becoming soft, spongy and very red. Sometimes small amounts of pus may be seen oozing between the teeth. In order to prevent gum disease you need to brush your teeth properly and floss the teeth at least once per day. When brushing your teeth it is important to brush the gums as well as the teeth and pay particular attention to brushing the rim of the gum where it is attached to the tooth. Smoking can also have an adverse effect on gum disease. Dentists have also commented on the adverse effect of changed eating habits with many people “grazing” throughout the day rather than having the traditional three square meals and no snacks in between. I would also suggest that you arrange to see a dental hygienist in order to clear up any infection that may be present in your mouth in addition to being properly instructed about a good daily oral hygiene routine.