Medical Q&As

Tubal ligation - describe?

Can you give me information on tubal ligation?

Tubal ligation is a surgical technique for female sterilisation that is colloquially referred to as having one’s tubes tied. The procedure is usually performed under a general anaesthetic with the aid of a laparoscope. The laparoscope in introduced into the abdomen through a small incision at the level of the umbilicus or belly button. The doctor can visually inspect the inside of the abdomen and pelvis and is able to operate under direct visual control. Various instruments can be introduced into the abdomen through the laparoscope. The Fallopian tubes are identified and each of them is in turn obstructed. This can be achieved by applying clips to the tubes or alternatively the tubes may be cut. The basic principle behind tubal ligation is that conception usually takes place in one of the Fallopian tubes and the ligation procedure physically obstructs that physical union between the sperm and the egg.