Medical Q&As

Rabies - vaccination?

Do I need rabies vaccination for Nigeria because stray dogs are all over the place?

Dogs are the main reservoir of the rabies virus but other animals can carry it as well. Therefore all animal bites that occur in countries where the virus is endemic should be regarded as being suspect. Any animal bite or scratch should be thoroughly cleansed with soap and water as soon as possible. This significantly reduces the risk of rabies infection. Rabies vaccine can be given prior to travelling but the more usual practice is to reserve its use for those who have been bitten. Rabies vaccination is not a requirement for entry into any country.