Medical Q&As

Periodontitis - treatment?

Can periodontitis be cured?

Periodontitis means inflammation of the periodontium, which comprises the gum, the bone socket into which the teeth are embedded and the connective tissue that supports the teeth. Periodontitis usually begins with gingivitis or gum disease. Plaque deposits build up at the margin of the gums and teeth. The gums progressively lose their attachment to the teeth and the sockets in which the teeth are embedded deepen due to progressive bone loss. As the condition progresses the gums recede further and the teeth loosen. Pain is usually absent unless an abscess forms although sometimes food impaction may cause soreness at meal times. There are different forms of periodontitis and certain conditions such as diabetes and Down’s syndrome may predispose to the development of the disease. Therefore the prognosis depends on the general state of health of the person and the particular type of periodontitis they are suffering from. For all forms of periodontitis, the first phase of treatment consists of oral hygiene instruction, thorough scaling and root planing, and re-evaluation after a couple of months. Oral antibiotic treatment is also usually required. Some cases may require periodontal surgery. Tooth extraction is often unavoidable in advanced periodontitis. For further information on this condition you might like to check out our feature through the following link: