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Coconut oil could combat tooth decay
[Posted: Mon 03/09/2012 by Gillian Tsoi www.irishhealth.com]
Digested coconut oil can attack the bacteria that causes tooth decay, according to scientists from the Athlone Institute of Technology.
They have shown that the digested oil is a natural antibiotic that could be incorporated into commercial dental care products.
The Athlone researchers tested the antibacterial action of coconut oil in its natural state, and also coconut oil that had been treated with enzymes, in a process similar to digestion.
The oils were tested against strains of Streptococcus bacteria, which are common inhabitants of the mouth. They found that enzyme-modified coconut oil strongly inhibited the growth of most strains of Streptococcus bacteria including Streptococcus mutans - an acid-producing bacterium that is a major cause of tooth decay.
Many previous studies have shown that partially digested foodstuffs are active against microorganisms. Earlier work on enzyme-modified milk showed that it was able to reduce the binding of S. mutans to tooth enamel, which prompted the group to investigate the effect of other enzyme-modified foods on bacteria.
Additional testing by the group at the Athlone Institute of Technology found that enzyme-modified coconut oil was also harmful to the yeast Candida albicans that can cause thrush.
The researchers suggest that enzyme-modified coconut oil has potential as a marketable antimicrobial, which could be of particular interest to the dental healthcare industry.
"Dental caries is a commonly overlooked health problem affecting 60-90% of children and the majority of adults in industrialised countries. Incorporating enzyme-modified coconut oil into dental hygiene products would be an attractive alternative to chemical additives, particularly as it works at relatively low concentrations," said Dr Damien Brady, who is leading the research at the IT.
"Also, with increasing antibiotic resistance, it is important that we turn our attention to new ways to combat microbial infection."
The research work also assists our understanding of antibacterial activity in the human gut. "Our data suggests that products of human digestion show antimicrobial activity. This could have implications for how bacteria colonize the cells lining the digestive tract and for overall gut health," explained Dr Brady.
"Our research has shown that digested milk protein not only reduced the adherence of harmful bacteria to human intestinal cells but also prevented some of them from gaining entrance into the cell. We are currently researching coconut oil and other enzyme-modified foodstuffs to identify how they interfere with the way bacteria cause illness and disease," he said.
The Athlone research team presenting their work at the Society for General Microbiology's Autumn Conference at the University of Warwick in the UK.
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