Apply ice packs to limit swelling and help
relieve pain (ice wrapped in towel or other material – do not apply ice
directly to skin)
Treat for shock (see below)
Severe pain in neck or back
Loss of sensation or abnormal sensation,
such as tingling in hands or feet
Loss of movement or impaired movement
What to do:
Call for an ambulance
Do not move casualty unless in immediate
danger – keep the person still
Support head and neck by placing hands on
either side of head, or by placing heavy towels on either side of the neck
If CPR is necessary do not tilt the
If you have to roll the person, e.g., due
to vomiting/choking, use at least two other people to help you roll them, while
keeping the person’s head, neck and back aligned.
Shock can develop following a major injury.
It results in an inadequate supply of oxygen to the tissues of the body. It is
therefore important to be on the look-out for symptoms of shock in any person
who has undergone a major injury.
Cool and clammy skin – can appear pale
Weak and rapid pulse
Fast, shallow breathing
Dizziness or confusion
May lose consciousness.
What to do:
Lay the person down on their back, with
their legs raised higher then the head
Keep the person warm and comfortable
Do not give anything to eat or drink
Check for signs of breathing and begin CPR