Vaginitis (inflammation of the vagina)
What causes vaginitis?
There are several possible causes:
- Infection Candida trachomatis is a common cause of infection. In addition, the bacteria that normally inhabit the vagina can multiply for unknown reasons and cause a strong-smelling vaginal discharge. This is known as non-specific vaginitis.
- Allergic reaction this may be caused by spermicidal creams, bath oils or soaps.
- Hormone deficiency after the menopause, the lining of the vagina becomes thinner and drier and more prone to inflammation. This inflammation is called atrophic vaginitis and is due to a reduction in the production of oestrogen and progesterone hormones.
- Foreign body in the vagina a forgotten tampon, for example.
How is vaginitis treated?
Infections are treated with antibiotic or antifungal drugs. If allergy is determined to be the cause, you should avoid the allergen for example, change brands of soap. Atrophic vaginitis is treated with oestrogen drugs, either locally applied as a cream or in tablet form.